Consiglio Nazionale Delle Ricerche Istituto Per la Protezione Sostenibile Delle Piante

Results in MycoControl

  • Preparation of effective protocols for isolation, cultivation and mass reproduction of mycological resources such as BCAs and EMFs: from field to appropriate laboratory tests to verify their efficacy.
  • Laboratory tests, based on rapid competition for nutritive resources and growth inhibition of pathogens by releasing extracellular molecules, such as diffusible and volatile metabolites in addition to the production of cell wall degrading enzymes (CWDEs) allowed the identification in vitro, of at least two Trichoderma isolates (T. hamatum SG18 and T. koningiopsis SG6) that were particularly effective as BCAs.
  • -11% of pathogen DNA presence in the soil in the Chestnut orchard affected by Ink disease (Phytophthora xcambivora) treated/implemented with soil inoculation of local selected mycological resources (BCAs) as average: -5% by Trichoderma koningii SG19, -13% by T. koningiopsis SG18, -15% by T. hamatum SG18.
  • Improved vitality and better vegetative state of plants: +48% increment in circumference and height of diseased chestnut trees treated with selected beneficial fungi; 8% of trees showed a decreased (-20%) crown transparency.
  • 90% of silver fir affected by Armillaria and Annosum root rot treated with the selected BCAs and EMFs improved new wood deposition (+0.5 to +36.2%; Lactarius salmonicolor, Trichoderma spirale and T. longipile); 50% of trees showed also a decreased percentage of wood alteration (from 0.1% to 16.6%; L. salmonicolor, T. spirale).
  • The LAI of silver fir affected by root rot caused by Armillaria ostoyae and Hetebosidion abietinum, implemented with Lactarius salmonicolor and Trichoderma longipile increased of 7% and 13.3% respectively.
  • -24% and -15% of crown transparency in chestnut shoots affected by drought, treated with Laccaria laccata and Amanita spp. respectively.
  • ees, which need further investigation